Muhammadiyah Current Legal Research known as the MCLR is a peer-reviewed Journal of Legal Studies published by Association of Indonesian Muhammadiyah Higher Education Law Studies Programs (APSIH PTM). This journal published biannually (February and August) in the electronic version. The aims of this journal are to provide high-quality research and writing related to law. Areas that relevant to the scope of the journal cover: business law, criminal law, constitutional law, administrative law, Islamic law, and international law. An electronic version of this issue is available on our website. The Editorial Board shall not be responsible for views expressed and the language used in every article.