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Types of paper
BIER received articles in an original research paper, review paper, and case study.
Original research paper
Original research paper is an article that reports detailed research and classified as primary literature. Its format includes an introduction and background problems, methods, results, interpretation of findings, and discussion sections. This paper is generally long, with word count ranging from 3000 to 6000.
A review paper is an article that provides up-to-date report on the current situation regarding certain important topics on law. It discusses previous development from the topic and gives an overview of the future. In general, a review paper is usually long, ranging from 3000 to 5000 words or even more, depending on the case being reviewed.
A case study is an article compiled by law practitioners presenting details of unique cases on the courts. The cases are usually those that contribute significantly to the knowledge in the field. This article is expected to discuss the verdicts (judge's decision).
General structure of original research paper and case study
The title should be short and simple. After the title of the manuscript, followed by the names of authors and affiliation. Last is the complete contact information for the corresponding author, including the email address.
The abstract section is created in a single paragraph. The first sentence generally states the purpose of the experiment and the next sentence explains how the investigation is conducted. The next sentence presents an overview of the experimental results and the last sentence describes the significance of the results and their impact on the field of study in general. Add 3-6 strong keywords.
The introduction of a manuscript includes a brief overview of the literature relating to the research topic. Introduction is generally written descriptively, beginning with a broad topic and slowly focusing on the work being done. An introduction usually requires several paragraphs beginning with one or two paragraphs that introduce the reader to the field of the problem under investigation in general. Then, in the next paragraph explains something more specific. The last paragraph is very important, which is what experimental questions will be answered by a study and how to do it.
The research method contains a direct description of the methods used in a study. The method contains the statement of the law materials used in the study, the main procedures, the techniques , and the analysis techniques. For literature research, theoretical or modeling components are also clearly contained in this section.
Result and discussion
This section contains the results of the analysis which is the answer to the problem of research. Generally, this section discuss findings with theories relevant to the topic taken by the researcher. This section of the discussion contains interpretations of research results to give meaning to the reader or provide guidance for further research. All figures and tables need further explanation to reveal the truth.
The conclusion contains a summary of the research findings. Then, followed by the main points of the discussion. A general conclusion ends with a statement about how the research work contributes to the field of study as a whole.
This section contains a statement of funding sources for the research work. This section also contains gratitude to those who contributed to the research and preparation of the manuscripts.
This section lists all the references cited in the text. BIER using APA style. Citation and reference systems must use the Reference Management System such as Mendeley, EndNote, Zotero.
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General structure of review paper
The identity of the article review is the same as the original research paper, which includes the title, author, affiliation, and email of the corresponding author.
Write in one or two sentences that describe the context and purpose of the review. Then, explain in one or several sentences to give a general description of the methodological approach, including the material and data used. Then, write down a few sentences that describe the main results. Finally, close by the conclusion linked to the objectives. Add 3-6 strong keywords
The introduction of a review article is more concise than the original research paper. Introduction generally consists of three main paragraphs, containing:
1. Background: contains general topics, issues, or areas of concern to illustrate the context.
2. Problems studied: contains trends, new perspectives, gaps, or conflicts between findings.
3. Motivation/justification: contains the author's reason for reviewing the literature.
The methods section contains for example information on data sources, data search strategies, selection criteria of articles included in the review, the amount of research included, and the methods or statistics for its analysis. The researcher must ensure that the data source is clearly identified and valid.
Result and discussion (main section)
The structure of the main part of a review article needs to be a coherent topic arrangement. The main sections are generally divided into sub-sections, such as methodological approaches, models or theories, studies that correspond to other unsuitable versus studies, chronological order, to the geographical location of the reviewed study.
Each paragraph consists of one idea, one aspect, or one topic. In the review article, one paragraph refers to several studies so that the citation per paragraph more. Each paragraph links the findings of the studies discussed with the research questions listed in the introduction. This link creates the article coherence thread that is being created. By linking one study to another, a comparison of the findings will be obtained as a material for discussion. This body text section generally consists of 70-90% of the entire article, excluding identity and reference. As an important note, the author must ensure that the review of the article is written based on the idea, not based on the literature.
The conclusions in the review article differ slightly from the conclusions of the original research paper. The conclusions generally contain the implications of the findings, the interpretation by the authors, and the identification of unresolved recital questions.
Acknowledgment in the review article is slightly different from the original research paper. It generally contains gratitude to the people or institutions that assist in the search and supply of literature and data, or process of writing.
References to review articles are generally not less than 20 referenced sources and all are expressed in text. BIER uses APA system. Citation and reference systems must use the Reference Management System such as Mendeley, EndNote, Zotero.
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Language (usage and editing services)
Please write your text in good Bahasa. Authors who feel their Bahasa needs editing, please work with your Indonesian native speaker when possible. Articles sent in English will be edited and translated with a fee that will be charged to the authors (proofreading costs around IDR 400,000.00 per 1000 words).
If you include figures that have already been published elsewhere, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) for both the print and online format. In such cases, material from other sources should be used.
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- Please submit tables as editable text and not as images.
- Tables can be placed either next to the relevant text in the article, or on separate page(s) at the end.
- Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text and place any table notes below the table body.
- Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in them do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article.
- Please avoid using vertical rules and shading in table cells.
- Tables should always be cited in text in consecutive numerical order.