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Abstract

In this study, an unexplored oil from the wodyetia bifurcata fruit was used for biodiesel production. The transesterification process was implemented to convert the raw oil into wodyetia bifurcata methyl ester (WBME) and the influence of process variables on WBME yield was examined with the response surface method (RSM) assisted Box-Behnken optimization. The results of RSM show that a maximum biodiesel yield of 94.67% was achieved and reaction time was identified as an influencing process variable. The fatty acid composition (FAC) from chromatography reveals the presence of highly unsaturated in WBME and the significant fuel properties of thermal and molecular meet the required fuel standards (ASTM). The obtained fuel properties of WBME are compared with other popularly used biodiesels and observed low kinematic viscosity (3.87mm2/sec) and moderated cetane number (53) for WBME. Furthermore, artificial neural network (ANN) tools are used for the prediction of WBME yield and show an improvement of 0.4% than RSM and low mean square error and a high coefficient of correlation was observed for ANN.

Keywords

Wodyetia Bifurcata Biodiesel Foxtail tree Fuel properties ANN RSM

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