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Crystal defects can be identified through the crystallographic characteristics of crystal orientation (lattice), microstrain, and texture. Identification of crystal defects on the atomic scale through crystallography is very important in analyzing the mechanism of material properties due to the influence of dislocations. The slip mechanism is analyzed to minimize coil spring failure. This study aims to analyze the causes of coil spring failure based on crystallography. XRD testing was carried out for analysis of residual stress, crystal orientation, and texture using MAUD 2.94 version software. Hardness testing was carried out on the surface of the coil spring with locations near and far from the fracture using micro Vickers. The macro fracture morphology was analyzed using a DSLR camera and the micro fracture morphology was analyzed using SEM. The XRD result shows that the coil spring material has a tensile residual stress value of "202.4 ± 15.9 MPa" with the resulting crystal orientation showing the hkl (100), (200), (211), (200) fields. The plane (200) has a texture characteristic that is oriented towards the Rolling direction along the spring axis. Texture oriented towards Rolling Direction can be shown with a maximum probability value of 1.191. A high probability will have an impact on the presence of material surface defects. Surface defects are indicated by the presence of pit corrosion on micro and macro fracture morphology observations. The pit corrosion defects that occur in the failed coil springs are the beginning of the formation of crack initiation and cause stress concentration. The stress concentration will increase with loading and cause crack propagation.


Coil spring Crystal orientation Failure analysis Residual stress Texture

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