The timeline of the peer review process is described as follows:

1. Submission to an initial decision: 7 days

2. Review speed: 3 - 5 weeks

3. Revision timeline: 3 weeks (minor revision), 6 weeks (major revision)

4. Last revision submitted to Editorial decision: 2 weeks

5. Editorial decision, copyediting to publish online: 3 weeks 

Submissions should be prepared under the Author's Guidelines. The manuscript may be returned to authors without a scientific assessment if they do not meet all submission requirements, are not in the correct format, or cannot be downloaded reliably.

Submissions must represent the original and independent work of the authors. One or more editors assess each new submission to determine whether it falls within the general remit of JHNS. We will reject a manuscript without review if it contains insufficient content; it exceeds our word limit or is incorrectly formatted; or is poorly presented and unclear.

Manuscripts that pass the initial assessment are assigned to a subject expert in our team of Associate Editors to oversee the review process for contribution, originality, relevance, and presentation. All manuscripts are subject to peer review and authors can expect a decision or an explanation for the delay. One of the senior editors makes the final decision based on the information gained through the peer-review process. 

Once a manuscript passes the initial checks, it will be assigned to at least two independent experts for peer review. A single-blind review is applied, where authors' identities are known to reviewers. Peer review comments are confidential and will only be disclosed with the express agreement of the reviewer. The following is type of Editors' decision in JHNS as follows:

Decline submission
Following peer review, the paper is judged not to be acceptable for publication in JHNS and resubmission is not possible.

Resubmit for Review
The submitted version of the paper is not acceptable and requires major revision but there is clear potential in the work and JHNS is prepared to consider a new version. Authors are offered the opportunity to resubmit their paper as a new submission. Concerns will remain regarding the suitability of the paper for publication until the editors are convinced by the authors that their paper fits the scope and standards of JHNS. The resubmitted manuscript will be returned to the original associate editor if at all possible.

The paper requires changes before a final decision can be made. Authors are asked to modify their manuscript in light of comments received from referees and editors and to submit a new version for consideration within 2 weeks of receiving the decision letter. A point-by-point explanation of how comments have been addressed must be supplied with the revised version of the paper. Revisions may undergo further peer review and papers may undergo more than one round of revision. If the authors do not revise their papers to the satisfaction of the editors, the paper can still be declined from publication in JHNS.

Accept submission
The paper is accepted for publication, subject to conditions that must be addressed in producing a final version of the manuscript. These may include sub-editing changes and minor amendments to ensure the paper fully matches our criteria. After final checking in the editorial office, acceptance is confirmed, and the paper is forwarded to the publishers for publication.