Conflicts of interest can derive from any relationship or association that may influence authors’ or reviewers’ opinions about the subject matter of a paper. The existence of a conflict – whether actual, perceived, or potential – does not preclude publication of an article. However, we aim to ensure that, in such cases, readers have all the information they need to make an informed assessment of a publication’s message and conclusions. We require that both authors and reviewers declare all sources of support for their research, any personal or financial relationships (including honoraria, speaking fees, gifts received, etc.) with relevant individuals or organizations connected to the topic of the paper, and any association with a product or subject that may constitute a real, perceived or potential conflict of interest. Don't hesitate to contact the editorial team for advice if you are unsure whether a specific relationship constitutes a conflict. Suppose a conflict remains undisclosed and is later brought to the editorial team's attention. In that case, it will be considered a serious issue, prompting an investigation with the possibility of retraction.