A literature review of benson relaxation technique for reducing anxiety in patients with chronic kidney disease

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Adriana Mardiah
Arif Widodo
Luu Thi Thuy


Hemodialysis is a procedure for cleaning blood through an artificial kidney or dialyzer and assisted by a machine. Kidney failure patients undergoing therapy experience anxiety due to various stressors. One way to overcome anxiety is to use relaxation therapy, including Benson relaxation. Benson relaxation is a breathing relaxation technique with the addition of an element of belief in the form of words that express the anxiety that is being experienced by the patient. The purpose of this literature is to determine the effectiveness of Benson's relaxation on reducing anxiety in chronic kidney failure patients undergoing hemodialysis. A literature review that is comparing some literature through the journal databases used are Pubmed, Google Scholar, Sciencedirect, Garuda Portal and Jane Semantic. The keywords are "benson relaxation, anxiety, chronic renal failure and hemodialysis" or "benon relaxation technique on anxiety of patient hemodialysis" or "benson relaxation for anxiety disorders" or "benson relaxation for patients undergoing hemodialysis" or "non-pharmacological therapy for reduce anxiety from 2016-2021 full text. There are seven journals reviewed and used in this literature review. The results show that Benson relaxation is proven to be effective in reducing anxiety in chronic kidney failure patients undergoing hemodialysis in a quiet environment, patients can relax the muscles of the body, focus for 10-15 minutes and think positively.


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